Breviarium romanum online dating
This article is about the liturgical books used in the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church prior to 1974.
For the book introduced by Pope Paul VI in 1974 and sometimes referred to as a Breviary, see Liturgy of the Hours.
These preaching friars, with the authorization of Gregory IX, adopted (with some modifications, e.g.
the substitution of the "Gallican" for the "Roman" version of the Psalter) the Breviary hitherto used exclusively by the Roman court, and with it gradually swept out of Europe all the earlier partial books (Legendaries, Responsories), &c., and to some extent the local Breviaries, like that of Sarum.
Prudentius of Troyes, about the same period, composed a Breviarium Psalterii (v. Again, in the inventories in the catalogues, such notes as these may be met with: "Sunt et duo cursinarii et tres benedictionales Libri; ex his unus habet obsequium mortuorum et unus Breviarius", or, "Præter Breviarium quoddam quod usque ad festivitatem S. The title Breviary, as we employ it—that is, a book containing the entire canonical office—appears to date from the eleventh century. Gregory VII having, indeed, abridged the order of prayers, and having simplified the Liturgy as performed at the Roman Court, this abridgment received the name of Breviary, which was suitable, since, according to the etymology of the word, it was an abridgment.
The name has been extended to books which contain in one volume, or at least in one work, liturgical books of different kinds, such as the Psalter, the Antiphonary, the Responsoriary, the Lectionary, etc.
The Benedictines and Dominicans have Breviaries of their own.The Breviary rightly so called, however, only dates from the 11th century; the earliest MS.containing the whole canonical office is of the year 1099 and is in the Mazarin library.However, these terms are used interchangeably to refer to the Office in all its forms.This entry deals with the Roman Breviary prior to the changes introduced by Pope Paul VI in 1974. Breviarium), signifies in its primary acceptation an abridgment, or a compendium.