Updating ceramic tile
Some antependia of the 17th century imitate oriental fabrics (calico, chintz).
The golden fringes of the altar cloth were imitated by yellow motifs on the painted border tiles.
One of the early Portuguese masters of the 16th century was Marçal de Matos, to whom Susanna and the Elders (1565), in Quinta da Bacalhoa, Azeitão, is attributed, as well as the Adoration of the Shepherds (in the National Museum of Azulejos in Lisbon). It is the work of Francisco de Matos, probably the nephew and pupil of Marçal de Matos.
The old techniques of cuerda seca ('dry string') and cuenca developed in Seville in the 15th century.
In the late 16th century, checkered azulejos were used as decoration for large surfaces, such as in churches and monasteries.
Diagonally placed plain white tiles were surrounded by blue square ones and narrow border tiles.
) is a form of Spanish and Portuguese painted tin-glazed ceramic tilework.
Azulejos are found on the interior and exterior of churches, palaces, ordinary houses, schools, and nowadays, restaurants, bars and even railways or subway stations.
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The best examples are to be found in the Igreja do Salvador, Évora, Igreja de S. Vicente, Cuba (Portugal) and the university chapel in Coimbra.